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GTAP Resource #2308

"Accounting for Discrepancies in Bilateral Trade: The Case of China, Hong Kong, and the United States"
by Ferrantino, Michael and Zhi Wang

China's reported exports to the United States have long been smaller than U.S.-reported imports from China. Earlier explanations for this focused on re-exports through Hong Kong, and appeared to account for most of the difference. Now, even after taking Hong Kong into account properly, there has emerged a new and growing discrepancy which amounted in 2005 to $45 billion, perhaps 20 percent of the "true" value. Comparisons of detailed customs records from China, Hong, Kong, and the United States shows that direct exports from Chinese ports and Chinese exports through third countries account for much of the discrepancy, relative to trade flows involving Hong Kong. The extent of the problem varies markedly across sectors. Some robust correlates for the discrepancy relate to valuation issues, U.S. tariffs, and re-exporting through the United States itself. The estimated behavior of other potentially important influences is sensitive to the econometric specification employed.

Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: 2007 Conference Paper
Status: Published
By/In: China Economic Review
Date: 2008
Created: Ferrantino, M. (4/9/2007)
Updated: Ferrantino, M. (9/8/2011)
Visits: 3,034
- Asia (East)

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