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GTAP Resources: Resource Display

GTAP Resource #3665

"Macroeconomic impacts of reducing nutrition-related chronic disease by adopting a “healthier diet.”"
by Thomassin, Paul and Kakali Mukhopadhyay


Abstract
The demand for economic information by health policy makers is increasing in order to address policy questions concerning such things as research funding, intervention and policy selection. As household income increases, the consumption of saturated fats and sugars increase, while the consumption of cereals, fruits and vegetables decrease. This change in food consumption has been identified as a risk factor in the prevalence of nutrition-related chronic diseases such as: cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetes and some cancers. Promotion and adoption of “healthier diets” in Canada would decrease the prevalence of nutrition-related chronic disease. This would have an impact on the well-being of individuals and households, would decrease the financial burden on society for these types of health related problems, and increase the productivity of the economy through increased labour efficiency. These changes in the demand for food and other commodities and increased productivity will have a macroeconomic impact on all sectors of the economy. The adoption of a “healthier diet” also has an impact on the production and trade of agriculture and agri-food commodities. As individuals and households diets change, the demand for agriculture and food products also changes, which has a direct and indirect impact on the Canadian economy. Changes to a “healthier diet” have an impact on agriculture production, food processing, trade and policies that affect these sectors. A GTAP model with eight regions was used to estimate the macroeconomic impacts of a change to a “healthier diet.” The impacts include changes in industrial output, GDP, employment and changes in trade patterns between Canada, the US, Mexico, Brazil and Chile.


Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: 2011 Conference Paper
Status: Published
By/In: Presented at the 14th Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis, Venice, Italy
Date: 2011
Version:
Created: Thomassin, P. (4/19/2011)
Updated: Thomassin, P. (4/19/2011)
Visits: 1,315
- Domestic policy analysis
- Agricultural policies
- Economic development
- North America
- South America


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