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GTAP Resource #7016

"Repurposing food and agricultural policies to deliver affordable healthy diets, sustainably and inclusively: What is at stake?"
by Laborde, David and Joseph Glauber

The analysis presented in this report examines the impacts of repurposing food and agricultural fiscal support and border support on several key socioeconomic, nutritional, and climate indicators. The impacts are estimated at the global level, as well as for various income groups and geographic regions. Scenarios include repurposing fiscal support to producer support targeted to high priority foods (those where current levels of consumption are below that of recommended levels) and to consumer subsidies targeting high priority foods.
Several conclusions are drawn from the analysis:
• The affordability of healthy diets improves under all repurposing scenarios, but repurposing fiscal subsidies towards consumer subsidies is far more effective in increasing the affordability of healthy diets than redistributing fiscal subsidies to producer fiscal support that is more targeted to high priority foods.
• Impacts on the affordability of healthy diets are least in the high-income countries (HICs) and low-income countries (LICs). In the case of the HICs, the percent of population that can afford a healthy diet is already quite high. In the case of LICs, those countries have less fiscal subsidies to repurpose.
• The costs of healthy and actual diets are estimated to increase marginally in LICs under the consumer subsidies scenarios because of increased import demand in the rest of the world (due to consumer subsidies) whereas in the LICs, there are limited fiscal subsidies to repurpose.
• Repurposing scenarios that are targeted towards high priority food groups have greater impact on healthy diet affordability. In general, repurposing fiscal support towards consumer subsidies has the largest impact on the per cap consumption of food groups.
• Repurposing fiscal support towards consumer subsidies reduces total agricultural GHG emissions, but those targeted towards producers support are estimated to increase GHG emission in low- and middle-income countries.

Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: 2023 Conference Paper
Status: Published
By/In: Presented during the 26th Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis (Bordeaux, France)
Date: 2023
Version: 1
Created: Laborde, D. (4/15/2023)
Updated: Laborde, D. (4/15/2023)
Visits: 292
- Climate impacts
- Land use
- Agricultural policies
- Food prices and food security

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