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GTAP Resource #2061

"Trade Liberalization and Poverty - Lessons from Asia and Africa"
by Cockburn, John, Bernard Decaluwe and Veronique Robichaud

We bring together the lessons drawn from the computable general equilibrium (CGE) analysis of the impacts of trade liberalization on poverty in seven Asian and African countries: Bangladesh, Benin, India, Nepal, Pakistan, the Philippines and Senegal. We compare and contrast the results in these countries, explaining where there are similarities and why there are differences. Particular attention is paid to identifying how the specific characteristics of each country – initial tariff structure, trade patterns, relative factor endowments, production patterns, income sources and consumption patterns of the poor, etc. – modify the results. Conclusions are then drawn with respect to the key factors in managing trade liberalization and designing appropriate accompanying measures. Results show that trade liberalization has little but positive impact on welfare and poverty. Overall, industrial sectors benefit - relatively to agriculture - from trade liberalization and so are urban households relatively to their rural counterparts.

Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: 2006 Conference Paper
Status: Published
By/In: Presented at the 9th Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Date: 2006
Created: Robichaud, V. (5/1/2006)
Updated: Robichaud, V. (5/1/2006)
Visits: 3,328
No keywords have been specified.

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