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GTAP Resource #4448

"Agricultural Productivity Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa, 1990-2010: the role of Investment, Governance and Trade"
by Shittu, Adebayo and Agatha Odine

The 2013 Human Development Report recommends the need to strengthen regional integration and South–South cooperation as part of measures to harness the wealth of knowledge, expertise, and development thinking in the South towards achieving more robust growth and development of the developing countries. Past experiences of many African countries with globalization and trade, however suggest the need for caution and that actions need to be much more informed. Against this background, this study examined the role of international trade and economic integration as well as quality of governance and public/private investment in explaining the wide differences in agricultural productivity growth performance among countries in SSA between 1990 and 2010. The study was based on a panel data on 42 countries in SSA over the period 1990 – 2010. The study was undertaken within the combined framework of neo-classical and endogenous growth theories. Agricultural Labor Productivity (ALP), measured as agricultural value-added per economically active person in agriculture, as well as Malmquist index of agricultural Total Factor Productivity (ATFP) generated by Data Envelopment Analysis, were subjected to neo-classical convergence tests, with influence of various factors on productivity growth assessed within the framework of panel data econometrics in which influences of country specific unobserved heterogeneity were controlled. The study evidences support the need for substantial capital deepening and increase public expenditure to enhance access to infrastructure, strengthen agricultural institutions and support domestic food production as key measures needed to significantly raise agricultural productivity in SSA.

Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: 2014 Conference Paper
Status: Published
By/In: Presented at the 17th Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis, Dakar, Senegal
Date: 2014
Created: Shittu, A. (4/15/2014)
Updated: Batta, G. (5/13/2014)
Visits: 2,408
- Economic growth
- Technological change
- Agricultural policies
- Multilateral trade negotiations
- Africa (Central)
- Africa (East)
- Africa (North)
- Africa (Southern)
- Africa (West)

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