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GTAP Resource #4463

"The indirect effects of organic farming on trade, land use and GHG emissions"
by Bellora, Cecilia and Christophe Bureau

Environmental friendly agricultural production techniques have well known local benefits. They can also have indirect effects if they require intensification of deforestation somewhere else in the world. These indirect effects are well documented for biofuels production but not for the extensification of agriculture. Our aim is to quantify the environmental and trade effects of a greener European agriculture, measuring the displacement of crop production, accounting for important substitution and revenue effects. We add to Mirage-BioF, a global CGE model with an improved representation of land use, a specific representation of the European organic production technologies, based on micro-founded data, and of organic demand. If 20% of land devoted to maize, rapeseed, sunflower and wheat in Europe is converted to organic practices by 2020, as planned by some Member States, sizeable demand and production displacements will take place. The decrease in European production (-12.3 million tons for wheat, -4.3 for maize) is partially compensated by an increase of 0.8 Mha in the global cropland area leading to the emission of 117 million tons of CO2 eq. These preliminary results have to be balanced with the local benefits of organic farming but could help to optimize global environmental impacts of greener agricultural policies.

Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: Other CGE Application
Status: Not published
Date: 2014
Created: Bellora, C. (4/15/2014)
Updated: Bellora, C. (4/15/2014)
Visits: 1,509
- Dynamic modeling
- Land use
- Agricultural policies
- European Union

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