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GTAP Resource #5288

"Developing long-run agricultural R&D policy in the face of uncertain economic growth "
by Cai, Yongyang, Alla Golub and Thomas Hertel


Abstract
Projecting economic growth, population and climate over the 21st century is challenging. One approach to this problem has been the development of “Shared Socio-economic Pathways” (SSPs) designed to provide a consistent characterization of alternative evolutions of population, per capita income and climate. However, recent analysis has shown that the true extent of future growth uncertainty is likely far greater than that embodied in the SSPs. We build on the innovative work of Christensen et al., in order to construct 13 independent probability distributions of economic growth in the 21st century. For each of these distributions, we use a stochastic dynamic partial equilibrium model of global land use to compute the optimal rate of R&D investment as well as the ensuing path of Total Factor Productivity (TFP) growth to 2100. When there is a significant probability of non-positive growth, the optimal response is to invest a lot in R&D today, and maintain a fairly flat trajectory over the entire century. This is in sharp contrast to the optimal path when growth rates are strictly positive. In this case, R&D spending starts out slow, and accelerates over time. Since we do not know which distribution to choose, we propose a novel approach to dealing with this ambiguity by minimizing the maximum regret across all 13 optimal growth paths. This results in 40% higher R&D spending early in the century than that dictated by a mean growth rate deterministic model. However, by mid-century, optimal R&D spending levels off, and the resulting TFP plateaus by the end of the century at a level which is about twice as high as at the start.


Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: 2017 Conference Paper
Status: Published
By/In: Presented at the 20th Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis, West Lafayette, IN, USA
Date: 2017
Version:
Created: Golub, A. (4/14/2017)
Updated: Golub, A. (4/14/2017)
Visits: 1,535
- Dynamic modeling
- Climate impacts
- Economic growth
- Technological change
- Not Applicable


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