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GTAP Resource #5501

"G-RDEM: A GTAP-based recursive dynamic CGE model for long-term baseline generation and analysis"
by Roson, Roberto and Wolfgang Britz


Abstract
We motivate and detail the newly developed G-RDEM recursive-dynamic Computable General Equilibrium model as a tool for long-term counterfactual analysis and baseline generation from given GDP and population projections. It encompasses an AIDADS demand system with non-linear Engel curves, debt accumulation from foreign saving and during baseline generation introduces sector specific productivity changes, endogenous aggregate saving rates, as well as time-varying input-output coefficients. Parameters for all these relationships are econometrically estimated or taken from published econometric work. The core of the model is derived from the GTAP standard model and the whole system is seamlessly incorporated into the modular and flexible CGEBox modelling platform. Accordingly, it can be applied with various other extensions in CGEBox such as GTAP-AEZ, GTAP-Water, CO2 and Non-CO2 emissions or a regional breakdown for Europe to 280 NUTS2 regions. The newly developed G-RDEM module maintains the flexible aggregation from the GTAP data base to a user chosen sectoral and regional aggregation. It is open source, encoded in GAMS and can be steered by a Graphical User Interface, which also encompasses a tool to analyse results with tables, graphs and maps. Existing GDP and population projections for the Socio-Economic Pathways 1-5 can be directly incorporated for baseline construction. A comparison of the generated long-term structural composition of the economy against a simple recursive-dynamic variant, using the basic CDE demand system of the standard GTAP model, uniform productivity growth, fixed saving rates and technology parameters, and no debt accumulation shows that the introduction of the new features in G-RDEM brings about much more plausible results, as well as a more realistic, internally consistent representation of the economic structure in a hypothetical future.


Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: 2018 Conference Paper
Status: Published
By/In: Presented at the 21st Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis, Cartagena, Colombia
Date: 2018
Version:
Created: Roson, R. (4/13/2018)
Updated: Roson, R. (5/10/2018)
Visits: 1,329
- Baseline development
- Calibration and parameter estimation
- Dynamic modeling
- Software


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  File format GTAP Resource 5501  (1.8 MB)   Replicated: 0 time(s)
  File format GTAP Resource 5501  (2.2 MB)   Replicated: 0 time(s)


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