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GTAP Resource #1005

"Where Do Developing Countries Go After Doha? An Analysis of WTO Positions and Potential Alliances n"
by Lind, Kim Martin

Developing countries have for many years been prohibited or restricted from exporting many of the product for which they have comparative advantage. Therefore, they are actively seeking to work towards a liberalisation of agricultural world trade, but stand divided on a number of other issues. Their bargaining strength within the WTO is therefore relatively limited. In order to gain the necessary strength, developing countries must therefore collaborate with each other and with developed countries. Building on a survey of the current positions of the WTO members on a number of these central, but disputed issues, it is therefore the aim of this paper to perform a stringent analysis of the positions with a view to identifying developing countries’ possible negotiation partners and strategies in the Doha Round. This lays a foundation for scenarios when analysing the WTO negotiations in General Equilibrium models.

Hundreds of proposals and statements have been submitted by 120 countries to the WTO up to and during the Doha meeting. These are reviewed and the countries positions on thirteen issues are rated according to an ordinal scale. Subsequently, correlation and cluster analysis are used to divide the countries into groups with similar negotiation positions. The study identifies nine such groups.

One group consists of the EU and Israel. This group has the farthest distance to any other group, and according to the hierarchical clustering procedure do not form a cluster with any one other. Furthermore, the US and Cairns group positions are quite close to the African group standpoint.

Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: 2002 Conference Paper
Status: Published
By/In: Presented at the 5th Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis, Taipei, Taiwan
Date: 2002
Created: Lind, K. (4/29/2002)
Updated: Bacou, M. (4/29/2002)
Visits: 1,869
No keywords have been specified.

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