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GTAP Resource #2032

"Economic Competitiveness of the Meat Sub-sector in Morocco: The Case of Beef and Poultry "
by Ait El Mekki, Abdelkader, Smail Jaafari and Wally Tyner

Meat sub-sector is among the most important agricultural sub-sectors in Morocco. Since the middle of the 1980s, the red meat and poultry underwent deep reforms, all related to the trade and price liberalization. Nowadays, with the prospects of growing market liberalization in the context of multilateral (WTO) and bilateral (FTA with the US, the Association Agreement with the EU) agreements, the question of the domestic meat competitiveness is raising more than before. The objective of this paper is to contribute to answer that question using appropriate quantitative tools. Methodology approach is based on the value-chain concept and uses nominal and effective coefficients along with the domestic resource coefficient (DRC) to assess domestic comparative advantage. Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM) allows to implement alternative policy experiments related to bilateral and multilateral commitments.

The calculation of the price-competitiveness and the cost-competitiveness indices shows that Moroccan beef (Standard bone-in meat) and poultry could not compete with the French and American products. However, Moroccan beef remains relatively more competitive than poultry. Besides, the DRC is 1 for beef and 1.34 for poultry meaning that Morocco seems to have no comparative advantage in producing poultry while neutrality is registered for beef.

Lastly, among interesting policy experiments, the combined scenario of an import tariff reduction, currency devaluation and a technical progress shows the best impact on the domestic meat competitiveness. In fact, with this scenario which aims at larger Moroccan market openness, the DRC improves by 21% for beef and 31% for poultry. This is also the only experiment which allows probable comparative advantage for poultry in Morocco.

Keywords: Morocco, beef, poultry, economic competitiveness.

Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: 2006 Conference Paper
Status: Published
By/In: Presented at the 9th Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Created: Ait El Mekki, A. (4/30/2006)
Updated: Ait El Mekki, A. (5/1/2006)
Visits: 3,007
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