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GTAP Resource #2492

"New Evidence on the Urbanization of Global Poverty"
by Ravallion, Martin, Shaohua Chen and Prem Sangraula

We find that one-quarter of the world’s consumption poor live in urban areas and
that the proportion has been rising over time. By fostering economic growth,
urbanization helped reduce absolute poverty in the aggregate but did little for
urban poverty. Over 1993-2002, the count of the “$1 a day” poor fell by 150
million in rural areas but rose by 50 million in urban areas. The poor have been
urbanizing even more rapidly than the population as a whole. There are marked
regional differences: Latin America has the most urbanized poverty problem, East
Asia has the least; there has been a “ruralization” of poverty in Eastern Europe
and Central Asia; in marked contrast to other regions, Africa’s urbanization
process has not been associated with falling overall poverty. Looking forward, the
recent pace of urbanization and current forecasts for urban population growth
imply that a majority of the world’s poor will still live in rural areas for many
decades to come.

Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: 2007 Conference Paper
Status: Published
By/In: Presented at the 10th Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis, Purdue University, USA
Date: 2007
Created: Ravallion, M. (6/11/2007)
Updated: Batta, G. (6/11/2007)
Visits: 2,356
No keywords have been specified.

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