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GTAP Resource #2769

"Turkish Labour Migration: Turkey-Germany Migration Corridor"
by Sonmez, Yontem and Scott McDonald

The first phase of Turkish labour migration to Western Europe, especially to Germany, started in the early 1960s when Turkish workers migrated to Western Europe as Gastarbeiter. This Turkish labour migration accelerated, following the workforce agreement with Germany and the Association Agreement with the EC. Since then, over a million Turkish workers have migrated to the Western Europe for employment, with almost 70% migrating to Germany. The use of Turkish migrant workers was conceived by the German government as a temporary measure to deal with the chronic labour shortage, providing cheap and flexible labour. However, over time these temporary arrangements developed into permanent ones. The initial phase was followed by the second one, encompassing family reunification, politically motivated migration and (inevitably) illegal labour migration. Hence, the Gastarbeiter never went back and more followed; Gastarbeiter developed into the Inlander auslandischer Herkunft .
Despite only recently completing the fifth enlargement process, the EU has already embarked upon negotiations about Turkey’s possible accession to the EU, this process has reignited fears in the ‘old’ EU about a possible influx of Turkish workers into EU27. However, labour migration is already a significant phenomenon for both existing EU members, especially for the EU15 and for Turkey with potential substantial implications for both partners.
The analyses are carried out using a 17-region, 21-sector and 5-factor global computable general equilibrium model that is implemented in GAMS (see McDonald et al, 2005) and is calibrated using GTAP data. Since the GTAP database does not incorporate explicit estimates of inter-regional transactions, because of the parsimonious treatment of the external accounts of regions, this study uses an augmented GTAP database that includes bilateral remittance data from GMig2 database (Walmsley et al. 2007).

Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: 2008 Conference Paper
Status: Published
By/In: Presented at the 11th Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis, Helsinki, Finland
Date: 2008
Version: 1
Created: Sonmez, Y. (4/15/2008)
Updated: Batta, G. (5/2/2008)
Visits: 3,047
- Labor market issues
- European Union

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