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GTAP Resources: Resource Display

GTAP Resource #2845

"'Trade liberalisation in the DOHA Development Round’"
by Francois, Joseph, Hans van Meijl and Frank van Tongeren

The Doha Round faced a long series of launch-delays and a spectacular launchfailure
in Seattle in 1999. While the talks did take off in 2001, the negotiating
agenda is still ambiguous in a number of crucial areas. This paper argues that
these ambiguities matter greatly. Such ambiguities include the meaning of ‘flexibility
and exemptions’, which are part of the evolving framework for market access negotiations.
This may (or may not) be read as allowing developing countries to opt
for much smaller concessions than those to be undertaken by the OECD, or even
for no concessions. To explore these issues, we examine the impact of multilateral
liberalization, developing possible trade liberalization under the Doha Round, starting
from a realistic ‘baseline’ including Chinese WTO Accession and the 2004
EU enlargement. This allows us to focus on effects specifically attributable to trade
liberalization under the Doha Round and the potential impact of the Doha Round
itself. To this end we employ a global applied general equilibrium model, featuring
imperfect competition and variety effects. Scenarios include agriculture, manufactures,
and services liberalization, as well as trade facilitation. We conclude that
active developing country participation in terms of market access concessions is critical
to their prospects. If developing countries continue for the most part with business
as usual after the round, in terms of trade policy, there is little scope for actual
benefits accruing to developing countries. South-South trade liberalization is key to
the ‘development’ part of the Doha Development Agenda.

Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: GTAP Application
Status: Published
By/In: Economic Policy , pp. 351-391
Date: 2005
Created: van Meijl, H. (9/3/2008)
Updated: Batta, G. (9/3/2008)
Visits: 2,048
- Preferential trading arrangements
- Trade in services
- Trade in textiles and wearing apparel
- Domestic policy analysis
- Agricultural policies
- Oceania
- European Union
- North America

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