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GTAP Resources: Resource Display

GTAP Resource #3097

"Land Transport for Exports: The Effects of Cost, Time, and Uncertainty in Sub-Saharan Africa"
by Christ, Nannette and Michael Ferrantino

The process of moving goods from the exporter’s location to the port involves significant financial costs, as well as costs associated with lengthy and uncertain delivery times. We illustrate these costs by considering exports from landlocked countries in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Inland transport costs and time delays are a much larger share of total export costs and time for landlocked countries, and vary substantially between different geographic corridors. The experience of exporters shows that the sources of these costs are diverse, and include weak infrastructure, imperfect information, and corruption. An analysis of unit costs and costs of time for land transport of particular export commodities reveals a pattern of high costs for many agricultural products and low costs for metals and other high-value products, which frustrates the ability of SSA countries to participate in exports involving vertically integrated production processes. Uncertainty in a system including both land and maritime transport for exporting is illustrated by use of a simulation model. Relationships among uncertainty, infrastructure quality, and other features of logistics systems and export markets are highly non-linear, and can be potentially used to identify priorities for trade facilitation.

Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: 2009 Conference Paper
Status: Published
By/In: World Development
Date: 2011
Created: Ferrantino, M. (4/15/2009)
Updated: Ferrantino, M. (9/8/2011)
Visits: 2,302
- Domestic policy analysis
- Economic development
- Africa (Central)
- Africa (East)
- Africa (West)
- Africa (Southern)

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Special Instructions
This paper replaces "Movement to Port: The Neglected Markup." It's the same paper, the title has just been changed.

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