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GTAP Resource #4451

"Evolving Opportunities for the Tanzanian Dairy Industry: An Analysis of Potential Impacts"
by Nelgen, Signe and Anna Strutt

The dairy industry is an important component of the livestock sector in Tanzania, accounting for over 30 percent of the livestock sector’s output value. The sector has been identified by the Tanzanian government as having significant scope to improve smallholder farmers’ livelihoods from the demand and consumption, as well as from the production side.

The Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries in Tanzania has recognized milk as a nutritionally dense food product that is high in protein and able to deliver many important nutrients in one product, especially to undernourished people in the country. Therefore, the government is aiming to increase the consumption of milk in Tanzania, which is currently 41 litres of milk per capita per year, most of which is consumed unprocessed and in rural areas. Over the past decade, a steady increase in demand for livestock products, including milk, has been observed in Tanzania. Rising incomes have contributed to this development and are likely to continue doing so.

These demand-side developments provide opportunities for the supply side and therefore for smallholder livestock farmers in Tanzania. Currently, a large share of the milk that is consumed in urban areas is imported, as are the inputs for processed dairy products. Additionally, about one third of processed milk is imported, with imports largely coming from outside the East African Community. This remains the case, despite import tariffs for Kenya and Uganda having been reduced. At present, Tanzania is a net importer of milk and milk products, but it has potential to increase production and possibly even exports if efficiency can be improved and tariff and non-tariff barriers that the sector is currently facing internationally are reduced. Such developments could reduce the high share of milk imports for formal markets and for use in the processing industry, make the Tanzanian dairy products more competitive on a global scale and increase exports of dairy produc...

Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: Other CGE Application
Status: Not published
Date: 2014
Created: Nelgen, S. (4/15/2014)
Updated: Batta, G. (4/30/2014)
Visits: 1,073
- Economic analysis of poverty
- Economic development
- Africa (East)

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