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GTAP Resources: Resource Display

GTAP Resource #5025

"Labor market consequences of trade openness and competition in foreign markets"
by Chiquiar, Daniel, Enrique Covarrubias and Alejandrina Salcedo

We analyze the labor market consequences of international trade, using the evidence provided by the behavior of Mexican labor markets after the introduction of NAFTA in the nineties and the accession of China to the WTO in 2001. Following an approach close to that proposed by Autor, Dorn and Hanson (2013), we use the local market variation on exposure to international markets to identify the effects of these events. We show that changes in market access and in competition in foreign markets that Mexico has faced have had a significant impact on unemployment, employment, and wages. In particular, NAFTA integration seems to have boosted manufacturing employment and overall wages, while enhanced Chinese competition tended to have the opposite effect. Additionally, we find that the labor market responses to international trade are heterogeneous across regions in the country, being significantly stronger in the regions closer to the US border.

Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: 2016 Conference Paper
Status: Published
By/In: Presented at the 19th Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis, Washington DC, USA
Date: 2016
Created: Covarrubias, E. (4/15/2016)
Updated: Covarrubias, E. (4/15/2016)
Visits: 1,375
- Economic development
- Labor market issues
- Technological change
- Multilateral trade negotiations
- North America

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