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GTAP Resource #6250

"A Cross-country Assessment of Commitment Behavior in the Trade Facilitation Agreement"
by Hillberry, Russell and Carlos Zurita

We use a new database of commitments made during the process of ratifying the Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) to study variation in countries’ commitment behavior. The TFA is a novel World Trade Organization agreement because it allows developing countries to select commitments from a menu of best practices in trade facilitation, rather than to consent, or not, to a comprehensive package of negotiated commitments. The operation of this á la carte approach to concluding trade agreements is worthy of study in its own right, but the commitment data also offer a high-level description of progress in an international effort to improve border management procedures around the globe. Our study uses data on TFA commitments to describe progress across subcomponents of the agreement. A regression model shows that the number of Type A trade facilitation commitments that a country made in the TFA ratification process depends on its level of development, its population size, and its past receipts of foreign aid to support trade facilitation. We use multi-dimensional scaling techniques to study differences in the content of national commitment bundles. This approach demonstrates that variation in the content of countries’ commitments is closely tied to the number of commitments made.

Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: 2021 Conference Paper
Status: Not published
By/In: Presented during the 24th Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis (Virtual Conference)
Date: 2020
Version: 1
Created: Zurita, C. (4/13/2021)
Updated: Zurita, C. (6/23/2021)
Visits: 870
- Multilateral trade negotiations
- Non-Tariff barriers
- Not Applicable

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