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GTAP Resource #6538

"Education, Labor Force Composition, and Growth A General Equilibrium Analysis "
by Roson, Roberto

We propose, in this paper, a novel approach to modelling education and human capital formation in a computable general equilibrium model. Rather than adopting microeconomic-based assumptions of human capital formation, we look for an empirical relationship between labor force composition and expenditure in education services. After realizing a set of econometric estimates, we found some robust relationships between workers’ shares in the labor force and educational expenditure, in real terms and per capita. To assess the implications of these findings, we simulate, in a conventional CGE model for Ethiopia, the impact of an increase in public expenditure devoted to education. Our simulation results highlight the existence of a multiplicative effect, such that the overall increase in the supply of education services, in the final equilibrium state, is more than three times larger than the initial demand push. This comes associated with a positive supply shock, entailing gains in productivity, income, and welfare, as well as changes in the structure of the economy.

Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: 2022 Conference Paper
Status: Not published
By/In: Presented during the 25th Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis (Virtual Conference)
Date: 2022
Created: Roson, R. (4/13/2022)
Updated: Roson, R. (5/10/2022)
Visits: 427
- Advances in quantitative methods
- Education
- Econometric methods
- Africa (East)

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