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GTAP Resource #4640

by Nguenkwe, Ronie, William Mougnol, Vera ANVEH NJANG and Armand MANGA AKOA

Nowadays regional integration is considered as an important factor for economic development. In fact it is considered as a tool for resolving political, social and economic challenge. In the drive to achieve successful regional integration, Africa has not been left out. It is worth noting that, West Africa has been the first since 2000 in intra-zone exportation while Central Africa zone has been the last till date. The objective of this paper is to analysis comparatively the impact of trade facilitation in the intra-regional trade between ECOWAS and ECCAS by evaluating the important of economic infrastructures and customs environment. We constructed an aggregated economic infrastructures index (transport, energy and ICT) by using Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and estimate a gravity model, over the period 2006 to 2012 using UNCTAD, CEPII and World Bank data. Our results are in line with the expected behavior of the gravitational model. On the one hand the economic infrastructures (index) have a positive impact on the intra-ECCAS and no impact on intra-ECOWAS trade. These three indicators individually have a positive impact on the intra-ECOWAS trade and no impact on the intra-ECCAS trade. On the other hand, the number of day for export have a positive (contrary to the theory) significant impact on trade in the ECCAS, but the indicators of customs environment have not impact on intra-ECOWAS trade.

Keywords: Economic infrastructures, augmented gravity model, ECCAS, ECOWAS, trade facilitation.
JEL Classification: C23, H54, O24, R58

Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: Other CGE Application
Status: Published
Date: 2015
Created: Nguenkwe, R. (4/10/2015)
Updated: Batta, G. (5/1/2015)
Visits: 1,119
- Economic growth
- Domestic policy analysis
- Multilateral trade negotiations
- Other data bases and data issues
- Africa (Central)
- Africa (West)

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