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GTAP Resource #5069

"Border Crossing for Trucks Twenty Years after NAFTA"
by Fox, Alan and Pilar Londono-Kent

Despite the liberalization achieved by the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), and substantial investments in infrastructure, technology, and equipment, significant barriers to efficient truck transport remain between the United States and Mexico. We present the practical and economic implications of changes to the NAFTA border crossing system put in place after the terrorist events of September 11, 2001. Security measures have “thickened” NAFTA’s borders, increasing costs and delays associated with border crossings. These measures have a global impact on the logistics chain, since they are applied to all countries that source goods to the United States. We review literature on costs and impacts of border delays due to enhanced security and build on our earlier research on these institutional peculiarities and their impacts of the US-Canada- Mexico border crossing system.

We discuss procedures used today and note changes to border processing since our earlier work. Based on interviews and review of the literature, we present the institutional context in which barriers exist and border authorities’ rationale for establishing new barriers or continuing of pre-existing ones. Based on this information and the time and costs associated with cross-border freight movements, we estimate the welfare effect of these measures on the NAFTA economies in a CGE framework. Our counterfactual assumes the implementation of a “seamless freight flow” system similar to Europe’s Transport International Routier (TIR) system, and calculates the time and cost differentials between such a system and the status quo.

We estimate net annual welfare gains for the NAFTA countries accruing from the streamlining of the U.S.-Mexican brokerage system and find that NAFTA-wide annual welfare could rise by $7.5 billion. Extending the simulation to include streamlining intra-NAFTA security-related delays could add an additional $14.7–28.6 billion to annual welfare across the region.

Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: 2016 Conference Paper
Status: Published
By/In: Presented at the 19th Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis, Washington DC, USA
Date: 2016
Version: 1
Created: Fox, A. (4/15/2016)
Updated: Fox, A. (4/15/2016)
Visits: 2,347
- Non-Tariff barriers
- Non-Tariff measures in services
- North America

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