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GTAP Resource #6140

"Trade Policy and Gender: Examination of Gender and Sector-Specific Outcomes "
by Gurevich, Tamara, David Riker and Marinos Tsigas

This paper assesses the economic impact of U.S. trade agreements implemented from 1984 to 2013 on U.S. labor markets for male and female workers. The main challenge in retrospective analysis, such as that undertaken in this paper, is to disentangle the impact of the trade agreements from the many changes in economic conditions that coincided with the implementation of the agreements. This paper combines an econometric model of trade with the GTAP CGE simulation model to estimate the impact of the bilateral and regional agreements on sector-level bilateral trade in goods and services. This paper builds on earlier work by the U.S. International Trade Commission. In particular, the U.S. input-output statistics are expanded to identify employment by sector for female and male workers. These employment statistics are obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS). The paper finds that the U.S. trade agreements have generally benefitted the American workers and that women benefitted more than men, both in terms of wages and employment.

Keywords: trade, trade agreements, distributional effects, gender

Resource Details (Export Citation) GTAP Keywords
Category: 2020 Conference Paper
Status: Published
By/In: Presented during the 23rd Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis (Virtual Conference)
Date: 2020
Created: Gurevich, T. (4/17/2020)
Updated: Gurevich, T. (6/16/2020)
Visits: 1,568
- Labor market issues
- Trade and gender

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